|Poster for the 2002 Christmas |
production of Scrooge
Even though the reviewer noted that the cast and technical elements of the show were definitely under-rehearsed, he closes with a remark that "...when these have been remedied... we shall be surprised if 'Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves' does not take a good place amongst the entertainments in the choice of pleasure-seekers during the festive season."
Whether it is going to see a traditional pantomime, such as the one that opened this theatre in 1878, or a more theatrical Christmas show such as the Citizens presents now, for many people, going to the theatre is an important activity closely tied to the holiday period.
His Majesty's Theatre was soon renamed The Royal Princess' theatre and over a period of 65 years they developed a strong tradition of pantomime in Glasgow, even setting some British records.
In 1945 the Citizens Theatre Company took up residence in The Royal Princess’ Theatre and changed the name. For the first few years they continued the Princess' fine pantomime tradition. One particular pantomime, The Tintock Cup (1949), was so popular that its run was extended to 4 months, finally closing on 1 April 1950.
|Stanley Baxter in Pantomime (title and location unknown)|
The pantomime tradition continued in the 1950s and early 60s, and the Citizens had a good line in uniquely Scottish plays, with many of the titles being in Scottish:
Tapsalteerie-O* (1953) meaning “Topsy-turvy”,
Whigmaleeries* (1955) meaning “Whim”,
Clishmaclaver* (1958) meaning “Gossip”,
Babity Bowster* (1959) meaning “Games and Merrymaking”,
Gaggiegalorum* (1960) meaning “Fun galore”,
Bletherskeits* (1961) meaning “A babbling, foolish person”
These performances were billed as “an entertainment with music”, featuring many popular songs of the time.
From 1969, Giles Havergal, Philip Prowse and Robert David MacDonald took over the artistic reins of the Citizens Theatre, heralding a new era of compelling, edgy drama. They programmed European classics and risqué re-inventions of Shakespearean texts that both shocked and enthralled audiences. However the Citizens Theatre pantomime was still largely traditional every year, with more common titles such as Aladdin, Puss in Boots and Cinderella being performed regularly with lavish scenery and costumes to draw in the audiences.
|Jack and the Beanstalk, Citizens Theatre, 1974|
In the early 1980s the Citizens decided a new direction was needed, so started to produce a Christmas show instead of pantomime. These shows were still aimed at entertaining families, with many of them being based on children's stories, such as The Snow Queen, The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe, The Jungle Book and Pinocchio. These alternative productions fitted better with the Citizens Theatre style that had developed and the plays were often bold retellings of classic stories, usually with a contemporary twist.
|Pinocchio, Citizens Theatre, Dec 1988|
Photograph: John Barr
|Giles Havergal as Scrooge, Citizens Theatre 2002|
Photograph: Richard Campbell
In recent years subsequent artistic directors have kept with the "alternative Christmas show" theme, but have tried to keep an element of family-friendliness, perhaps recognising that the audiences that come to and love Citizens Theatre productions throughout the year want to introduce their children to us as soon as possible.
This was the case in 2010 when the Citizens started to include a 'wee-ones' Christmas show for 3-6 year olds running in the studio alongside the main stage show (this year it’s Eric the Elf, by Andrew McGregor). It was Citizens Theatre fans who wanted to bring their children or grandchildren to see a show here as young as possible.
In the 70 years that this building has been called the Citizens Theatre, the Christmas entertainment has adapted as the Citizens audiences and their tastes have also changed. We like to think that the Citizens Theatre has continued to do as the Glasgow Herald reviewer from 1878 remarked, and to "take a good place amongst the entertainments... during the festive season". We hope to do so for many years to come.
Did you know...?
- Many of the pantomimes and Christmas shows performed during the 70s and 80s were written or adapted specifically for the Citizens by Myles Rudge, a song-writer famous for the lyrics to hit 1960s songs such as Right Said Fred and A Windmill in Old Amsterdam.
- *One of the traditions of a Royal Princess' pantomime was that it had to have exactly 13 letters in the title. Look back over the titles mentioned from 1945-1969 and count them!
A Christmas Carol runs from Sat 29 Nov 2014 - Sat 3 Jan 2015